Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering
Chairman’s Welcome Message

Today, in scope with the world’s gradually increasing demand for oil and gas sectors, we are at the forefront in petroleum education and technology. The high demand for petroleum engineers in the sector of oil and gas production is projected to remain well in the 21st century.

Petroleum and natural gas engineering is a broad-based discipline concerned with the development, exploration, transportation and storage of oil and gas resources. Petroleum and natural gas engineers plan and supervise drilling and well-completion programs, design and select drilling and production equipment, design pipelines for oil and gas transportation, storage, estimate reserves, and manage oil and gas properties.

The undergraduate program in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering is a four-year program. Throughout the first two years, basic science courses such as mathematics, physics, and chemistry and basic engineering courses related with Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering curriculum are studied. In the last two years, business-specific courses are taught. Those who complete this program are entitled as Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineers.

Prof. Dr Cavit ATALAR
Head of the Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering
cavit.atalar@neu.edu.tr

Courses
  • Basic Departmental Courses
  • Departmental Courses
  • Departmental Elective Courses
  • Non-Departmental Elective Courses
Course CodeCourse NameCreditECTSPrerequisiteClass HoursLABPracticumLearning Sessions
PSCRT
 1. YEAR / 1. SEMESTERCHM 101General Chemistry453200221
ENG 101English I330000111
MTH 101Mathematics I464002110
PGE 101Introduction to Petroleum Engineering343000111
PHY 101General Physics I454202110
ECC 101Introduction to Programming353102110
YIT 101-TUR 101Turkish for Foreign Students I
Turkish Language I
222000201
1. YEAR / 2. SEMESTERCHM 102Physical Chemistry36CHM 1013003111
ENG 102English II33ENG 1010000111
MTH 102Mathematics II46MTH 1014002110
PHY 102General Physics II45PHY 1014000111
TDE 102Technical Drawing363001110
YIT 102-TUR 102Turkish for Foreign Students II
Turkish Language II
22YIT 101-TUR 1012000201
AIT 103
AIT 101
Principles of Ataturk and the History
of Turkish Revolution I
222000201
2. YEAR / 1. SEMESTERECC 207Thermodynamics464002110
ECC 211Engineering Materials464002111
MTH 201Differential Equations46MTH 1024002110
PGE 201General Geology353101111
PGE 221Engineering Mechanics35PHY 1013000111
AIT 104 AIT 102Principles of Ataturk and the History
of Turkish Revolution II
22AIT 103 AIT 1012000201
2. YEAR / 2. SEMESTERPGE 202Petroleum Geology35PGE 2013001110
PGE 204Applied Mathematics for Petroleum Engineers35MTH 1013001110
PGE 218Rock Properties363001110
PGE 220Fluid Properties363001110
ECC 213Strength of Materials35PGE 2213001110
NTEN. Technical Elective333000000
3. YEAR / 1. SEMESTERPGE 300Summer Practice I040000000
PGE 301Introduction to Fluid Mechanics464002110
PGE 303Petroleum Production Engineering I353001110
PGE305Petroleum Reservoir Engineering I353001021
PGE 307Drilling Engineering I35300
MTH 309Statistics and Probability for Petroleum Engineers35MTH 1023001110
3. YEAR / 2. SEMESTERPGE 304Petroleum Production Engineering II35PGE 3033001110
PGE 306Petroleum Reservoir Engineering II35PGE3053001110
PGE 308Drilling Engineering II45PGE 3074002110
PGE 310Oil and Gas Pipeline System353001110
PGE 312Well Loging353001110
UTEUnrestricted T. Elective35300----
4. YEAR / 1. SEMESTERPGE 400Summer Practice II04PGE 3000000000
PGE 403Natural Gas Engineering353001110
PGE 405Petroleum Engineering Design363001101
PGE 411Petroleum Property Valuation353001110
TETechnical Elective35300----
TETechnical Elective35300----
4. YEAR / 2. SEMESTERPGE 402Graduation Project35PGE 4053000111
ECC 426Economics For Engineering353001110
TETechnical Elective35300----
TETechnical Elective35300----
TETechnical Elective35300----
TETechnical Elective35300----
Total149240

PS: Problem Solving C: Complementary R:Reformative T:Tutorial

Technical Elective Courses

  • Basic Departmental Courses
  • Departmental Courses
  • Departmental Elective Courses
  • Non-Departmental Elective Courses
Course CodeCourse NameCreditECTSPrerequisiteClass HoursLABPracticumLearning Sessions
PSCRT
PGE 407Reservoir Characterization35PGE 3053001110
PGE 408Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers35PGE 2013001110
PGE 409Process Control and Instrumentation35ECC 2073001110
PGE 413Globalization and Petroleum Politics353001110
PGE 416Environmental Control in Petroleum Engineering Operations35PGE 303
PGE 307
3001110
PGE 417Petroleum and Natural Refining Processes35ECC 2073001110
PGE 418Oil Transportation and Storage35PGE 3013001110
PGE 419Health and Safety for Oil Industry35PGE 303
PGE 307
3001110
PGE 420Project Management35PGE 303
PGE 305
PGE 307
3001110
PGE 421Introduction to Geothermal Reservoir Engineering35ECC 2073001110
PGE 422Enhanced Oil Recovery35PGE 3033001110
PGE 423Pressure Control35PGE 3073001110
PGE 424Physical and Engineering Properties of Rock35PGE 2013000111
PGE 425Directional Drilling35PGE 3073001110
PGE 426Petroleum Geochemistry35ECC 2073001110
PGE 427Well Stimulation35PGE 3033001110
PGE 428Transportation and Storage of Natural Gas35PGE 3013001110
PGE 429Well Design Control35PGE 3073001110
PGE 430Hydrocarbon Geophysics35PGE 2023001110
PGE 431Geological Maps and Cartography35PGE 2013001110
PGE 432Safety & Environmental Protection35PGE 303
PGE 307
3001110
PGE 433Well Design35PGE 303
PGE307
3001110
PGE 434Individual Study353001110
PGE 435Petroleum Fuels Market & Segment35PGE 303
PGE 305
PGE 307
3001110
PGE 436Simulating of Geosystems35MTH 2012100111
PGE 437Well Test Analysis35PGE 3063001110
PGE 438Special Operations in Drilling35PGE 3083001111
PGE 439LPG Technology and Sector35PGE 3053001111

PS: Problem Solving C: Complementary R:Reformative T:Tutorial

COURSE OBJECTIVES AND CONTENTS

YEAR 1

General Physics I (course type: required; course code: PHY 101)
Course objectives: The objective of this course is to provide students with a thorough understanding of the basic concepts of physics, rigorous description of physical phenomena and to improve students’ problem-solving abilities.
Course content: Measurement, vectors, kinematics, force, mass. Newton’s laws, applications of Newton’s laws. Work and kinetic energy. Conservation of linear momentum. Impulse, collisions, rotation, moments of inertia. Torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum, static equilibrium.

General Chemistry I (course type: required; course code: CHM 101)
Course objective: By the end of this course, students should understand the fundamental concept of atomic theory, chemical equations, thermochemistry and hands-on laboratory works.
Course content: A basic course with emphasizing the metric system. Introduction to atomic theory, stoichiometry. The structural and physical properties of matter. Periodic relationship among elements and periodic table. Gaseous state. Thermochemistry. Energy and enthalpy. Electronic structure of atoms. Electrochemistry. Chemical bonding.

Calculus I (course type: required; course code: MTH 101)
Course objective: At the end of this course students are expected to have a clear understanding of the ideas of Calculus as a solid foundation for subsequent courses in mathematics and other disciplines as well as for direct application to real life situations.
Course content: Functions, limits and continuity. Derivatives. Mean value theorem. Sketching graphs. Definite integrals, infinite integrals (antiderivatives). Logarithmic, exponential, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions and their derivatives. L’Hospital’s rule. Techniques of integration. Applications of the definite integral, improper integrals.

English I (course type: required; course code: ENG 101)
Course objective: This course aims at enabling students to understand their lessons and to express themselves in English Language.
Course content: Within a thematic approach, reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills will be developed, with a language component in order to build onto the foundation established at the Department of English. In speaking and writing, students will be encouraged to use language forms that they learn through reading and listening. Under broad themes (or threads), the students will be exposed to extensive reading both in and outside the classroom. They’ll be encouraged to read a variety of texts such as short stories, academic articles, research reports, reviews and journalistic texts as well as chapters from textbooks.

Introduction to Petroleum Engineering (course type: required; course code: PGE 101)
Course objectives: To provide students with basic knowledge of the energy, petroleum and natural gas engineering, To provide students with chemical, physical, and thermodynamic properties of oil and natural gas.
Course content: Introduction to energy, petroleum and natural gas industry. Energy, oil and natural gas in the world, statistics and general knowledge. Origin, composition and fluid properties of petroleum and natural gas. Types of oil and natural gas reservoirs. Surface production equipment. Transportation of oil and natural gas. Enhanced recovery methods. Environmental concerns

Introduction to Computers and Programming (course type: required; course code: ECC 101)
Course objectives: The goal of this course is to help students know program language evolution and classification and basic computer architecture. Students will be able to solve basic numerical computation in binary, design and implement simple assembly language programs at the end of the course.
Course content: An introduction to fundamental concepts. Algorithms and flowcharts as tools of program design process. Basic program structure. Input/output statements. Control structures: Selection and repetition statements and arrays. Concept of modular programming: Procedures and Functions.

Turkish for Foreign Students I (course type: required; course code: YIT101/TUR101)
Course objective: The aim of this course is to help students interact with non-English speaking people within their community.
Course content: Listening, written expression, oral expression, reading, conversation, grammar and translation.

Physical Chemistry (course type: required; course code: CHM102)
Course objective: The aim of this course is to introduce students to basic concepts of physical chemistry, develop their mathematical and quantitative reasoning ability and to give them the ability to explain phenomena observed in the natural world.
Course content: Introduction to atomic theory, stoichiometry. The structural and physical properties of matter. Periodic relationship among elements and periodic table. Gaseous state. Thermochemistry. Energy and enthalpy. Electronic structure of atoms. Electrochemistry. Chemical bonding.

English II (course type: required; course code: ENG 102)
Course objective: This course aims to take students to intermediate advanced level of English.
Course content: This course will be a continuation of ENG 101, with greater emphasis on student autonomy, research skills and synthesizing ability. All the activities and tasks in ENG 101 will continue within a thematic approach. In Eng-102, the ability to evaluate, analyze and synthesize information in written discourse will be highlighted. Documentation in writing will be introduced at the beginning of the course, in order to solidly establish the skill by the end. Students will learn the discourse patterns and structures to be used in different essay types. Students will write two essays in ENG-102. 1. An academic essay with proper documentation. 2. A project report to be prepared throughout the course, including a literature review (displaying analysis/synthesis skills, and documentation), a definition/elaboration of a problem (using definition, description, cause/effect and comparison/contrast patterns) and suggestions for solution (including personal views and argumentation). Local and regional topics, personalizing the research and viewpoints will be recommended to prevent plagiarism. Instructors will have to keep in close contact with the students to guide them throughout the process.

Calculus II (course type: required; course code: MTH 102)
Course objectives: This course aims at helping students further develop their problem solving and critical reasoning skills and to prepare them further study in mathematics, the physical sciences, or engineering.
Course content: Plane and polar co-ordinates, area in polar co-ordinates, arc length of curves. Limit, continuity and differentiability of function of several variables, extreme values, method of Lagrange multipliers. Double integral, triple integral with applications. Line integrals, Green’s theorem. Sequences, infinite series, power series, Taylor’s series. Complex numbers.

General Physics II (course type: required; course code: PHY 102)
Course objectives: General Physics II is the second part of General Physics I. The aim of this course is to help students apply knowledge of physics everyday life activities and through problem solving exercises in the fields of Electrical and Electromagnetics point of view.
Course content: Electrical charges. Coulomb’s law. Electrical fields. Gauss’s law. Electrical potential. Capacitance and dielectrics. Current and resistance. Direct current circuits. Magnetic fields. Sources of the magnetic field. Faraday’s law of induction. Inductance and inductors.

Turkish for Foreign Students II (course type: required; course code: YIT102/TUR102)
Course objective: The aim of this course is to build upon the knowledge from Turkish for Foreign Students II and help students interact with non-English speaking people within their community.
Course content: Listening, written expression, oral expression, reading, conversation, grammar and translation.

Technical Drawing (course type: required; course code: TDE 102)
Course objective: The aim of this course is to provide students with the basics of AutoCAD, be able to transform data into graphical drawings and also draw orthographic projections and sections, learn basic engineering drawing formats.
Course content: Introduction to technical drawing. Drawing instruments and their use, lettering, lines, geometry of straight lines, scale drawing. Dimensions. Development of surfaces, shape description, selection of views, projecting the views. Pictorial drawing, diametric trimetric projection. Isometric projection, oblique projection. Perspective drawing cross section.

Atatürk’s Princip. & Turkish Reform I (course type: required; course code: AIT 103/101)
The aim of Atatürk’s Principles and Reforms History lesson and related terms; The reasons of Ottoman Empire’s Fall; The process of passing from Ottoman Empire to the republic; Turkish Independence War, Atatürk’s Principles and Reforms and Atatürkist Thought System.

YEAR 2

Thermodynamics (course type: required; course code: ECC 207)
Course objectives: The aim of this course is to evaluate the fundamentals of Thermodynamics and to examine the application fields.
Course content: Basic concepts and definitions of classical thermodynamics. Thermodynamic processes, work and heat interactions. First law for systems and for flow processes. Second law and entropy, irreversibility and availability.

Engineering Materials (course type: required; course code: ECC 211)
Course objectives: This course aims to provide knowledge on various material types, various deformations that materials can undergo and how to prevent/minimize these deformations.
Course content: Materials and properties. Atomic structure and interatomic bonding, crystal structure, crystal imperfections, solid solutions. Mechanical properties of materials, elastic and plastic deformation. Behavior of materials under tension, compression and shear. Hardness and hardness measurement. Dislocation and strengthening mechanism. Phase equilibria, phase diagrams, the iron –carbon system, solid reactions, and microstructures. Structure and properties of ceramics. Polymer structure.

Differential Equations (course type: required; course code: MTH 201)
Course objectives: To introduce the concept of first, second and higher order differential equations, and the methods of solving these equations. To emphasize the importance of Differential equations and its application in Engineering. To understand the concept of Laplace transform and its applications in solving differential equations and other engineering applications.
Course content: The nature of differential equations, definition, ordinary and partial differential equations, order and degree, linear and nonlinear equations, Separable equations and Homogeneous equations, exact equations, and integrating factors, Linear equations, and Bernoulli's equation, and initial value problems. Applications: simple electric circuits and free falling problems, parachute problem, radium decomposition and tank of water problem, Reduction of order and knowing one solution to find another solution and the general solution of second order linear differential equation, Introduction, the general solution of the homogeneous equation, and the general solution of nonhomogeneous differential equation, The homogeneous equation with constant coefficients and the solution of Euler's equidimensional equation. The method of undetermined coefficients for finding the particular solution, The method of variation of parameters for finding the particular solution and initial value problems, Laplace transform of continuous functions, Laplace transform of discrete functions. Introduction to solution by series.

General Geology (course type: required; course code: PGE 201)
Course objectives: The objective of this course is to develop an understanding of the Earth`s composition and structure, rocks and minerals.
Course content: Structure of the Earth. Elements, minerals, and rocks of the Earth`s crust. Igneous and metamorphic processes. Weathering. Sedimentary processes. Geological external processes. Rock formation. Earth`s dynamic processes and rock deformation. Map studies.

Engineering Mechanics (course type: required; course code: PGE 221)
Course objectives: The objective of this course is to develop an understanding of the forces acting on a system and the conditions for equilibrium.
Course content: Introduction, Force Vectors, Force System Resultants, Equilibrium of Particles, Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies and Frames, analysis of Trusses, Analysis of Beams, Centroid and Moments of Inertia.

Atatürk’s Princip. & Turkish Reform II (course type: required; course code: AIT 104/102)
The aim of Atatürk’s Principles and Reforms History lesson and related terms; The reasons of Ottoman Empire’s Fall; The process of passing from Ottoman Empire to the republic; Turkish Independence War, Atatürk’s Principles and Reforms and Atatürkist Thought System.

Petroleum Geology (course type: required; course code: PGE 202)
Course objectives: The objective of this course is to give an overview of petroleum formation and exploitation.
Course content: The goal of this course is to obtain knowledge of the origins of petroleum and gas. An overview is given on the conditions that are needed for oil and gas to accumulate in reservoirs. Moreover, techniques to find and exploit these reservoirs are highlighted. The focus always is on the task of the petroleum geologist during the different phases of oil and gas exploration and production.

Applied Mathematics for Petroleum Engineers (course type: required; course code: PGE 204)
Course objectives: The objective of this course is to give students a basic knowledge of vector calculus and linear algebra relevant to their fields.
Course content: Solutions of linear algebraic systems of equations, eigenvalues, roots of nonlinear equations, interpolation, and numerical differentiation and integration

Rock Properties (course type: required; course code: PGE 218)
Course objectives: The objective of this course is to develop an understanding of reservoir rocks and their properties.
Course content: Petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks and measurement procedures: Coring and core handling; sandstone and carbonate reservoir rock and pore types; fundamental porosity, grain density, permeability and saturation properties; special core analysis such as mechanical, acoustic and electrical properties; multiphase rock and fluid interactions, interfacial tension, capillary pressure, wettability and relative permeability properties.

Fluid Properties (course type: required; course code: PGE 220)
Course objective: The objective of this course is to provide students with an understanding of the properties of fluids encountered in petroleum engineering.
Course content: Origin, habitat and elements of petroleum and natural gas and basic hydrocarbon chemistry. Fundamental phase behavior of hydrocarbons, laws for ideal and real gases and liquids are introduced. Vapor-Liquid equilibria (VLE) is explained and ideal and real models are discussed. Phase behavior and physical properties of five reservoir fluids is examined in detail. Both correlative and experimental methods to determine the physical properties are introduced.

Strength of Materials (course type: required; course code: ECC 213)
Course objectives: The main objective of this course is to teach students to examine the deformation and strengths of pieces against the forces by using the material engineering and statics knowledge of the students.
Course content: Introduction. Internal force diagrams. Analysis of stress and strain. Hooke’s law. Yield criteria and plasticity. Axial force. Pure shear. Torsion of circular bars and thin walled tubes. Moment of inertia of cross-sections. Simple bending. Stress and strain, Mohr’s circle. Bending with shear. The shear center. The shear center of thin walled sections. Elastic curve for symmetrical cross-sections. Study of elastic curve by various methods. Effect of shear on the elastic curve. Axial force with bending. Materials not resistant to tension. Bending with torsion. Energy methods. Theorem of virtual work. Theorems of Betti and Castigliano. Minimum principles. Elastic stability. Euler cases. Buckling beyond the elastic limit, method of omega multiplier, approximate methods, and Rayleigh ratio.

YEAR 3

Summer Practice I (course type: required; course code: PGE 300)
Course objective: The goal of this course is to familiarize students with the daily work of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering
Course content: A minimum of four weeks (20 working days) of Summer Practice is obligatory to fulfill the requirements for the B.Sc. degree. The first practice is preferred to be in drilling operations after the second year. The training is based on the content of the summer practice manual.

Fluid Mechanics (course type: required; course code: PGE 301)
Course objective: The goal of this course is to teach students about fluids, their properties and calculations involving fluid flow.
Course content: Properties of fluids. Basic Concepts of Fluids in Fluid Mechanics. Classifications of Fluid Flow. Fluid Statics. Pressure Intensity, Pressure Heads, Buoyancy and Flotation. Hydrostatic Forces on a Submerged Surface. Fluid Kinematics. Fluid Mass under acceleration. Continuity Equation. Bernoulli Equation. Laminar and Turbulent Pipe Flow. One Dimensional Pipe Flow.

Petroleum Production Engineering I (course type: required; course code: PGE 303)
Course objective: The goal of this course is to introduce students to production equipment, production process of petroleum, well tests and methods of improving production.
Course content: Drill stem testing, well completion methods, completion fluids and sand control. Perforating, well head equipment and flow control devices, production packers, and oil and gas separators. Flowing well performance, sucker rod pumping, submersible electrical centrifugal pumping, well stimulation techniques; acidizing, hydraulic fracturing.

Petroleum Reservoir Engineering I (course type: required; course code: PGE 305)
Course objective: The overall goals of the course are to introduce students to types of petroleum reservoirs, their properties and how these properties affect fluid flow and oil recovery.
Course content: Estimation of hydrocarbon pore volume and recovery factor. Classification of oil reservoirs. Reservoir performance prediction for solution gas drive, water drive, gas-cap drive, drainage and combination drive reservoirs using material balance approach. Water influx theory. Water and gas coning in oil producing formations. Characterization of fractured reservoirs. Decline Curve Analysis.

Drilling Engineering I (course type: required; course code: PGE 307)
Course objective: This course aims to introduce students to various drilling equipment, drilling fluids and pressure control.
Course content: Drilling machinery: hole and equipment. Drilling fluids and hydraulics. Cementing and hydraulics. Drill off tests (bit performances). Pressure control

Statistics and Probability for Petroleum Engineers (course type: required; course code:PGE 309)
Course objective: This course aims to introduce students to basic concepts of statistics and probability.
Course Description: Descriptive statistics, histograms, central tendency, dispersion and correlation measures. Basic probability concepts, random variables, probability density and mass function. Hypothesis testing, confidence intervals. Law of large numbers and central limit theorem. Regression analysis. Applications in engineering.

Petroleum Production Engineering II (course type: required; course code: PGE 304)
Course objective: This course aims to build upon the knowledge from Petroleum Production Engineering I and delve further into the production of petroleum.
Course content: Drill stem testing, well completion methods, completion fluids and sand control. Perforating, well head equipment and flow control devices, production packers, and oil and gas separators. Flowing well performance, sucker rod pumping, submersible electrical centrifugal pumping, well stimulation techniques; acidizing, hydraulic fracturing.

Petroleum Reservoir Engineering II (course type: required; course code: PGE 306)
Course objective: This course aims to build upon the knowledge from Petroleum Reservoir Engineering I and delve further into the study of petroleum reservoirs and various fluid flow processes.
Course content: Steady and unsteady state single phase flow equations through porous media, steady and unsteady superposition. Multiphase flow through porous media. Reservoir characterization in homogeneous and heterogeneous reservoirs by pressure and tracer testing.

Drilling Engineering II (course type: required; course code: PGE 308)
Course objective: This course aims to build upon the knowledge from Drilling Engineering I and delve further into the study of safely drilling into the petroleum reservoir to produce petroleum
Course content: Directional drilling (Tangential, ROC and Minimum Curvature Methods). Drill string design (neutral point of tension and compression, neutral point of bending, Lubinski’s stresses, and margin of over pull). Casing design (biaxial, triaxial). Casing setting (buckling and well head loads).

Oil and Gas Pipeline System (course type: required; course code: PGE 310)
Course description: This course gives student knowledge about flow through pipelines and the various calculation involving fluid flow through pipelines,
Course content: Importance of pipelines: pipelines as element of infrastructure, economical comparison of pipelines with other transportation systems, safety of pipelines, transportation tasks and dimensioning of pipelines, profitability investigation of pipelines. Planning and designing of pipelines: right of way, pipelines, stations, and execution of pipeline projects. Calculation of pipelines: pressure losses and flow rates, energy demand, pressure surge calculations, pipe strength calculations. Line pipes and fittings: line pipe materials, fabrication of line pipes, fittings, line pipe testing and inspection. Construction works and corrosion protection of pipelines.

Well Logging (course type: required; course code: PGE 312)
Course objective: This course aims to provide knowledge about well logs, basic principles behind well logging tools and interpretation of various well logs.
Course content: Principles and operation of gamma ray, spontaneous potential, caliper, resistivity (micro and focused), density neutron, sonic, cement bond and variable density, dipmeter and production well logging tools. Interpretation of well log and their cross-plotting techniques. Determination of formation properties such as porosity, hydrocarbon saturation, lithology, zone thickness, shaliness, etc. Guidelines to select proper logs in given field conditions.

YEAR 4

Summer Practice II (course type: required; course code: PGE 400)
Course objective: The goal of this course is to familiarize students with the daily work of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering.
Course content: A minimum of four weeks (20 working days) of summer practice is obligatory to fulfill the requirements for the B.Sc. degree. The second practice is for production and/or reservoir engineering after the third year of undergraduate education. The training is based on the content of the summer practice manual.

Natural Gas Engineering (course type: required; course code: PGE 403)
Description: Properties of natural gases, hydrate formation. Estimation of gas reserves. Gas well testing. Estimation of gas deliverability. Gas flow measurement. Natural gas deliverability. Natural gas transmission, design of gathering systems. Field treating and processing of natural gas. Compressor horsepower requirement.

Petroleum Engineering Design (course type: required; course code: PGE 405)

Course objective: This course aims to introduce students to design methodology.

Course content: Development and use of design methodology, formulation of design problem statements and specifications, consideration of alternate solutions, feasibility, considerations. Development of student creativity by using open ended problems. Project engineering and management of engineering projects. Design of drilling projects.

Petroleum Property Valuation (course type: required; course code: PGE 411)
Course description: The aim of our course is to study the profit analysis and to make feasibility studies for the valuation of oil and gas properties. In order to be able to make these kinds of studies, we must know the amount of oil and gas producible from a field and this can be obtained through engineering analysis.

Graduation Project II
(course type: required; course code: PGE 402)
Course description: Application of Petroleum and Gas Engineering theories and topics on paper for design. The graduation project is chosen by the students and taken up after the approval of the relevant lecturer.
Economics for Engineers(course type: required; course code: ECC 426)
Course objective: The objective of the course is to equip the students with the ability to make profit and loss calculations of investments or/and projects.
Course content: Principles and economic analysis of engineering decision making. Cost concept. Economic environment. Price and demand relations. Competition. Make-versus-purchase studies. Principles and applications of money-time relations. Depreciation. Money and banking. Price changes and inflation. Business and company finance.

ELECTIVE COURSES

Reservoir Characterization
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 407)
Course Description: Definition of petroleum reservoir heterogeneity using conventional methods and possible improvements to these methods. Review of basic statistical concepts and methods. Reservoir Rock and Fluid Property Evaluation by Statistical Methods. Scale-up and Simulator Data Preparation. Emerging Methods in Petroleum Reservoir Characterization. Case studies from oil industry.
Prerequisite: PGE 306

Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 408)
Course Description: This course is an introduction to geophysical signal analysis which is concerned with the construction, analysis, and interpretation of mathematical and statistical models. In general, it is intended to provide material of interest to upper undergraduate students in mathematics, science, and engineering.
Prerequisite: PGE 201

Process Control and Instrumentation
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 409)
Course Description: Introduction to Process Measurement, Pressure Measurement, Level Measurement, Temperature Measurement, Flow Measurement, Control Valves, Process Considerations, Transmission of Measurement Signals, Basic Control Concepts, Complex Control Systems, Computer Control Systems, Networks.
Prerequisite: ECC 207

Globalization and Petroleum Politics
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 413)
Course Description: As global energy demand increases, sources of oil and gas are becoming incredibly important to nations whose citizens continue to grow more dependent on them. This dependence has led to a more robust international petroleum industry, as a result of globalization, underlined by an increase in stakeholders and complicated contractual frameworks.

Environmental Control in Petroleum Engineering Operations
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 416)
Course Description: Principles of environmental control in petroleum engineering. The impact of drilling and production operations. Environmental transport of petroleum wastes. Planning for environmental protection. Waste treatment methods. Remediation of contaminated sites.
Prerequisite: PGE 303 and PGE 307

Petroleum and Refining Processes
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 417)
Course Description: This course highlights contemporary approaches to resource utilization and provides comprehensive coverage of technological advances in residuum conversion. It illustrates state-of-the-art engineering methods for the refinement of heavy oils, bitumen, and other high-Sulphur feedstocks.
Prerequisite: ECC 207

Oil Transportation and Storage
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 418)
Course Description: Waterborne Transportation, Oil Spills, Storage Facilities, Oil Pipelines, World Oil Transit Checkpoints, Marine Tankers and Barges, Super tankers, Oil tankers, Barges, Marine vessels for transporting LPG and LNG, Aboveground Tank Storage of Liquid Petroleum Products, Storage Tanks, Tank Farm.
Prerequisite: PGE 301

Health & Safety and Risk Management
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 419)
Course Description: This course develops a foundation of Health & Safety concepts and stakeholders, Risk assessment of engineering developments, Hazard identification and protection methods, Business Continuity Planning (BCP) and Management of health and safety in oil and gas industry.
Prerequisite: PGE 303 and PGE 307

Project Management
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 420)
Course Description: This course develops a foundation of concepts and solutions that supports the planning, scheduling, controlling, resource allocation, and performance measurement activities and leadership traits required for successful completion of oil and gas engineering projects.
Prerequisite: PGE 303, PGE 305 and PGE 307

Introduction to Geothermal Reservoir Engineering
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 421)
Course Description: Classification of geothermal reservoirs, distribution and characteristics of geothermal resources. Physical aspects of hydrothermal systems. Assessment of geothermal resources. Well completion and warm-up, measurements during drilling; temperature log, the completion tests, pressure log. Flow testing. Well performance.
Prerequisite: ECC 207

Enhanced Oil Recovery
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 422)
Course Description: Enhanced oil recovery methods and limitations improved oil recovery, Fractured Reservoirs, Shale Gas., Coal Gas Methane, Buckley Leveret Displacement Mechanism Miscible and immiscible gas drives. Steam and steam drive applications. In-situ Combustion. Chemical EOR. Polymer and surfactant flooding, microbial flooding.
Prerequisite: PGE 303

Pressure Control
course type: elective; course code: PGE 423)
Course Description: Origin and detection of abnormal formation pressures. Principles of pressure control: behavior of gas in drilling fluids, mechanics of bubble rise. Pressure control methods: driller, engineer, concernment and low choke pressure methods. Prediction methods for fracture pressure gradient. Drilling and completion concepts in over pressured formations. Pressure control equipment. Special problems.
Prerequisite: PGE 307

Physical and Engineering Properties of Rock (
course type: elective; course code: PGE 424)
Course Description: Rock as an engineering material, rock and rock mass classifications. Physical properties of rock, weathering and slaking. Petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks and measurement procedures: Coring and core handling; sandstone and carbonate reservoir rock and pore types; fundamental porosity, grain density, permeability and saturation properties; special core analysis such as mechanical, acoustic and electrical properties; multiphase rock and fluid interactions, interfacial tension, capillary pressure, wettability and relative permeability properties. Oral presentation on a specific topic of rock properties.

Prerequisite: PGE 201

Directional Drilling
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 425)
Course Description: Directional drilling applications and limitations. Terminology, the best way to better planning objectives and targets: Calculations and data collection. MWD (Measurements While Drilling). Bottom Hole Assembly drilling equipment: drilling tools and methods of kick off. Drilling motors, drill bits, and BHAs (Bottom Hole Assembly). Well head operations. Reservoir considerations during the design aspects of directional drilling. Drilling and surface locations requirements. Torque and drag models. Types of horizontal wells and plans. Logging, coring, and completion techniques. Well-stability (wellbore stability) issues and well cleaning requirements.
Prerequisite: PGE 307

Petroleum Geochemistry
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 426)
Course Description: The course involves in basic organic chemistry, origin, generation, migration and accumulation of oil and gas. Alteration of hydrocarbons in the reservoir. Application correlation studies to production allocation problems which petroleum engineers are met.
Prerequisite: ECC 207

Well Stimulation
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 427)
Course Description: In this course, participants will first learn the fundamental science related to geosciences, rock mechanics, and fluid mechanics, and then gain know-how knowledge on the principles of well stimulations followed by practical skills related to design and evaluation of stimulation treatments. At the end of this course, participants will gain the ability and confidence in solving real-world problems by integrating physics, geology, rock mechanics, formation evaluation, production and reservoir engineering. Examples, case studies, and leading software demonstration/practices will further enhance participants’ knowledge and skills acquired in this course.
Prerequisite: PGE 303

Transportation and Storage of Natural Gas
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 428)
Course Description: Transportation of natural gas, Design and construction of natural gas pipelines, Liquifed Natural Gas (LNG). Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Underground Storage of Natural Gas.
Prerequisite: PGE 301

Well Design Control
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 429)
Course Description: Well Design and Control are very important for a successful drilling operation. The well design concepts are very important to be comprehended by the engineer in charge of the operation. The Well Control measures are determined in place taking into consideration the policy requirements of the organizations. Well Control fundamentals are in place being used by the industry since the early 1960s. Accident statistics show that the merits of training, and most individuals involved in drilling or other well operations do receive well control training, topics of which are based on the subjects determined by forums recognized by the main drivers of the industry. This course is aiming the determination of the basic well design requirements and main aspects of the well control procedures.
Prerequisite: PGE 307

Hydrocarbon Geophysics
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 430)
Course Description: Description of Hydrocarbons (Fossil Fuels), A brief history of hydrocarbon exploration, Passive Geophysical methods for hydrocarbon explorations (Gravity, Magnetic and EM methods., Theory and Principles), Student presentations-I (first project topics- coal, oil and natural gas explorations with passive geophysical methods), Active geophysical methods for hydrocarbon explorations (Seismic methods, Theory and Principles), Introduction to seismic amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) Analysis, Seismic modeling of hydrocarbon bearing structural traps (geometrical and resolutional aspects), A new energy source, Gas Hydrates, Exploration of gas hydrates and their economic and environmental importance, Student presentations-II (second project topics- Oil, natural gas and gas hydrate explorations with active geophysical methods), Overall evaluation of the methods in hydrocarbon exploration.
Prerequisite: PGE 202

Geological Maps and Cartography
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 431)
Course content: Importance of geological maps in engineering projects. Properties of the linear and planar structures. Properties of topographic maps and contouring. Surface geology and relationships between surface and subsurface planar structures. Structure contours and their importance. Preparation and interpretation of geological maps based on structure contours. Map pattern and cross sections of undeformed areas. Map pattern and cross sections of folded beds. Map pattern and cross sections of unconformities. Map pattern and cross sections of faulted regions. Map pattern and cross sections of non-bedded units. Interpretation of geological maps.
Prerequisite: PGE 201

Safety & Environmental Protection
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 432)
Course Description: Wide variety of subjects in health, safety and environmental protection in the activities and facilities of oil, gas, and geothermal industries are covered in the course. A term project is assigned to groups of students who are required to present their work to other groups, and group projects are required to be reported.
Prerequisite:PGE 303 and PGE 307

Well Design (course type: elective; course code: PGE 433)
Course Description: Describing operational sequences, Well Design presents a unified approach to well design process and an overview from spudding the well through drilling and completion to startup and production. The information is then applied to fracture gradient curve design, which serves as input to the well design process. Following designs shall mainly be cored in the course; Casing Design, Mud Design, Drill String Design, Sucker Rod Pumping Unit Design, Gas Lift Design. Discussions regarding the potential for optimization will conclude the course.
Prerequisite: PGE 303 and PGE 307

Individual Study
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 434)
Course Description: Literature search in area of interest (in the area of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering), in class discussions and paper presentations in the area of interest, preparation of final report and final report presentation.

Petroleum Fuels Market & Segment
(course type: elective; course code: PGE 435)
Course Description: This course aims to get basic products derived from petroleum and their market perspectives and that of segmenting the products namely fuels. This course is primarily designed for the students from 5 th semester and upwards. It is highly recommended for 7 and 8 semester students before they leave the department as young professionals. This course will provide these young engineers with the basic understanding of what they would deal with as they begin their professional life in working environment. Further, the fields dealt with professional institutions and International market tools i.e. Platt’s, EPDK and relevant terminologies and their applications in business are discussed.
Prerequisite: PGE 303, PGE 305 and PGE 307

Simulating of Geosystems (course type: elective; course code: PGE 436)
Course Description: Simulation in general (incentives for simulation, planning a simulation study). Equations for mass/heat flow in permeable/porous media. Modeling concepts (finite differences, 1D, 2D and 3D mass/heat flow domains). Selecting reservoir-rock and fluid-properties data. Selecting grid block and time steps. Placement of wells in grid blocks. History matching and predicting future performance of geosystems by numerical simulation. Applications of simulation to oil and gas reservoirs as well as geothermal reservoirs.
Prerequisite: MTH 201

Well Test Analysis (course type: elective; course code: PGE 437)
Course Description: Fundamentals of well testing and analysis; Injection/falloff, drawdown/buildup tests; Derivations of flow equations describing unsteady flow of fluids (single, multi-phase fluid flow) in porous media; Solutions of diffusivity equations with different initial and boundary conditions; Interference testing; Modelling of wellbore storage and skin effects; Conventional analysis techniques (manual type-curve matching and straight line methods); Modern analysis techniques (pressure-derivative and pressure-integral methods, computer aided automated type-curve matching); Superposition in space and time (modelling interference effects between wells, boundary and variable flow rate effects); Flow regimes observed in vertical wells producing in infinite and bounded homogeneous systems; Convolution and Deconvolution; Well test analysis in gas wells; Drill stem testing (DST); An overview of pressure transient analyses in complex well/reservoir systems (horizontal wells, naturally fractured reservoirs).
Prerequisite: PGE 306

Special Operation in Drilling (course type: elective; course code: PGE 438)
Course Description: Coring; coring techniques. Fishing; differential sticking, free-point detection, string-shot back-off taps and die collars, spears and overshots, washover pipe, cutters, investigation of field case studies. Measurement while drilling techniques.
Prerequisite: PGE 308

LPG Technology and Sector (course type: elective; course code: PGE 439)
Course Description: History of LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) utilization and trade in Turkey and in the world. LPG properties, phase behavior, production, storage and bottling facilities, land and sea born transport. LPG consumption as bottled, bulk and fuel in motor vehicles. Safety measures for LPG fires and hazards. LPG sector and market in Turkey. Laws, legislation, and standards for LPG operations, facilities, and consumption. Technical trip to LPG storage facility and filling station.
Prerequisite: PGE 305

Mission – Vision

Mission

The mission of Near East University, Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Department is to educate students for the practice of their profession in drilling, production and reservoir engineering topics for underground fluid resources and, for the advancement of knowledge and technology that form the basis of petroleum engineering as well as for finding solutions to the national, international, social and environmental issues related to petroleum industry.

Vision

The Near East University, Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Department’s vision is to be the recognized academic research organization in all aspects of oil and gas exploration and production. And compete with the well-known petroleum departments in order to progress its education system and go further.

Program Information
Qualification Awarded

The students who successfully complete the program are awarded the degree of Bachelor of Science in Petroleum And Natural Gas Engineering.

Level of Qualification

This is a First Cycle (Bachelor’s Degree) program.

Specific Admission Requirements

In the framework of the regulations set by Higher Education Council of Turkey (YÖK), student admission for this undergraduate program is made through a university entrance examination called ÖSYS. Following the submission of students’ academic program preferences, Student Selection and Placement Center (ÖSYM) places the students to the relevant program according to the score they get from ÖSYS.

International students are accepted to this undergraduate program according to the score of one of the international exams they take such as SAT,ACT and so on, or according to their high school diploma score.

Exchange student admission is made according to the requirements determined by bilateral agreements signed by NEU and the partner university.

Visiting students can enroll for the courses offered in this program upon the confirmation of the related academic unit. Additionally, they need to prove their English language level since the medium of instruction of the program is English.

Qualification Requirements and Regulations

The students studying in this undergraduate program are required to have a Cumulative Grade Points Average (Cum.GPA) of not less than 2.00/4.00 and have completed all the courses with at least a letter grade of DD/S in the program in order to graduate. The minimum number of ECTS credits required for graduation is 244. It is also mandatory for the students to complete their compulsory internship in a specified duration and quality.

Recognition of Prior Learning

At Near East University, full-time students can be exempted from some courses within the framework of the related bylaws. If the content of the course previously taken in another institution is equivalent to the course offered at NEU, then the student can be exempted from this course with the approval of the related faculty/graduate school after the evaluation of the course content.

Profile of the Program

Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering is a multi-disciplinary department to support and lead the nation’s requirements and technological developments, to be able to conduct international projects and to have an authority in research areas. To perform research studies and to educate engineers equipped with technical “know-how”, creative thinking and being able to try and research new technologies to achieve required goal. The vision of the department is to have respect and authority in engineering activities and to gain acceptance through research projects, support to the nation and delivering high quality engineers.

Program Outcomes
  • Apply mathematics, science, and engineering knowledge to understand petroleum and natural gas engineering related events.
  • Develop an essential understanding of the characteristics of the materials, the related processing and implementations along with a fundamental knowledge on their role in society, with emphasis on the science and engineering principles of petroleum and natural gas industry.
  • Have the ability to work with multi-disciplinary engineering sciences.
  • Identify and solve problems using technical literature for research tasks and system design.
  • Understand professional, ethical responsibilities and standards of engineering practice.
  • Use engineering techniques, skills, and tools for practice and product development.
  • To be able to communicate effectively in Turkish, both orally and in writing; to be able to author and comprehend written reports, to be able to prepare design and implementation reports, to present effectively, to be able to give and receive clear and comprehensible instructions.
  • To have knowledge about global and social impact of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering practices on health, environment, and safety; to have knowledge about contemporary issues as they pertain to engineering; to be aware of the legal ramifications of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering solutions.
  • To be aware of ethical behavior, professional and ethical responsibility; to have knowledge about standards utilized in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering applications.
  • To have knowledge about industrial practices such as project management, risk management, and change management; to have awareness of entrepreneurship and innovation; to have knowledge about sustainable development.
  • To be able to collect data in the area of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering, and to be able to communicate with colleagues in a foreign language. ("European Language Portfolio Global Scale", Level B1)
  • To be able to speak a second foreign language at a medium level of fluency efficiently.
  • To recognize the need for lifelong learning; to be able to access information, to be able to stay current with developments in science and technology; to be able to relate the knowledge accumulated throughout the human history to Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering.
Course and Program Outcomes Matrix
Occupational Profiles of Graduates

Graduates of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering programgraduates work in petroleum and natural gas industry, geothermal energy sector, and sub-industry on product development, production, quality control, purchasing, post-purchasing and marketing. Besides, well equipped petroleum and natural gas engineers can work in universities , banks, or a private company. Additionally, they can be employed in CNG and LNG sectors  as system engineer, and/or research and development departments of a production company.

Access to Further Studies

The students graduating from this program may apply to graduate programs.

Course Structure Diagram with Course Credits
Exam Regulations, Assessment and Grading
Graduation Requirements

In order to graduate from this undergraduate program, the students are required;

  • to succeed in all of the courses listed in the curriculum of the program by getting the grade of at least DD/S with a minimum of 252 ECTS
  • to have a Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of 2.00 out of 4.00
  • to complete their compulsory internship in a specified duration and quality.
Mode of Study

This is a full time program.

Program Director (or Equivalent)

Prof. Dr. Cavit ATALAR, Head of Department, Faculty of Engineering, Near East University

Evaluation Questionnaires
  • Evaluation Survey
  • Graduation Survey
  • Satisfaction Survey